HealthRunny Nose & Cold

What is Nosebleed – Causes of Nose Bleeding – Stop a Nosebleed?

Causes of Nose Bleeding

Nosebleed may be the telltale sign of an unknown disease, a simple manifestation or complication of a known disease; it can also be a “disease by itself.”

Nosebleed symptoms indicative of disease


Infections and inflammations of the nose and sinuses. All cold (nasopharyngitis, acute rhinitis) or sinusitis (acute rhino sinusitis) can cause a nosebleed. This reflects a secondary infection that requires antibiotic treatment.

High blood pressure is a cause often found in adults. Hemorrhagic diseases are often the cause of nasal bleeding: thrombocytopenia (decrease in platelets) and thrombopathies (platelet defects), hemophilia, liver failure, taking anti-coagulant drugs. The diagnosis is confirmed by various tests exploring the different coagulation factors.

Injuries cause lesions of the face of vessels that are damaged and bleed: fracture of the nasal bones, various fractures of facial bones. The epistaxis is often delayed, but can be suddenly very important.

The tumors of the nose and sinuses, whether benign or malignant, can manifest as epistaxis. She occurs on one side, repeatedly, and nasal obstruction is common. It can sometimes be massive. The epistaxis or critical illness. This is a common cause of bleeding in young patients. It is favored by scratching, sun exposure, and endocrine factors (puberty, premenstrual period, pregnancy) emotions.

Causes of Nose Bleeding, known as “epistaxis” by doctors, is a nasal origin of bleeding often not serious.

vector illustration of a bleeding of the nose

Epistaxis may be the telltale sign of an unknown disease, a simple manifestation or complication of a known disease; it may also be essential, that is to say, it is a “disease by itself.”

The lining of the walls is heavily vascularized through arteries and veins very thin and fragile, especially at the “vascular patch.” They are easily damaged by multiple causes. When the practitioner supports epistaxis, he immediately appreciate the gravity of its impact on blood circulation due to the abundance of hemorrhage or its recurrence. Epistaxis bleeding is the nasal passages. The lining of the walls is heavily vascularized. Indeed, two arterial systems meet at septum that separates the nose into two parts. It is at this level that is what we call “vascular patch” because the amount of small vessels is very important. Epistaxis can be mild, not serious: the bleeding is small and, especially anterior through the nostril. There is no impact on the general state. Epistaxis can be disturbing or even serious because of its abundance, its repetition or its continuous nature. It is often simultaneous (both sides), with a flow prior and posterior in the throat. It can be accompanied by serious signs: anxiety, agitation, pallor, rapid pulse, low blood pressure…

The Causes of Nose Bleeding are not alike.

Untreated, they often lead to complications, sometimes very serious. They always have a cause. The lifestyle has an influence on the operation of the nose. Once the bleeding started, the first rescue action will be to try to stop or to decrease. Bleeding can be aggravated by poor blood as occurs with certain diseases platelets, hemophilia, liver failure (excessive alcohol consumption), and taking anti-coagulant drugs. These conditions increase the flow of blood or render less coagulable (that is to say, the “crust” is formed only with difficulty). Bleeding is made more difficult to stop.

How to stop a nose bleeding? What to do before a bleeding nose? In most cases, the bleeding is begin??

Do not panic!!! Stress and anxiety increase blood pressure and bleeding. Stand the head bent forward. If the occurrence of nasal trauma or tumor is difficult to control, it is different affections of the mucosa, particularly when they are of inflammatory origin.

Some simple rules of hygiene promote good health of the nasal mucosa:

  • Balanced diet;
  • Regular physical activity;
  • Sleep at fixed times;
  • Stopping medication to vasoconstrictor effect;
  • Ventilation of living space;
  • No excessive heating;
  • Humidifier on the radiator.
  • Elimination of tobacco and alcohol…

How to stop a really bad Nosebleed

Sometimes you have to first perform emergency resuscitation before a severe nosebleed if the subject has signs of blood loss? But in all cases, stop the bleeding: this is called “hemostasis”. The ideal position is half-sitting (or sitting, leaning slightly forward). A bowl is put under the nose. The basin is useful because it will allow to assess the amount of blood lost. It is true that the sight of blood is scary, but you have to make simple gestures. Blow nose clots represents the first move. Then pinch the nose to stop the bleeding (pressing noses, blood vessels is compressed at the same time). Compression of the nose with two fingers should last ten minutes, before releasing very slowly.

If necessary, repeat. If despite this, the bleeding continues, it is necessary to consult a doctor or go to an emergency department.

⇒ Your Consultation

To better prepare for your consultation some questions

  • Does that make this happen often?
  • Does it stop easily or not?
  • How much blood did you lose about? Number of pads used?
  • Do you take an anticoagulant treatment now?
  • Are you currently suffering from high blood pressure? Are you cared for it?
  • Does it happen also to other members of your family?
  • Are you a hemophiliac?
  • Have you received a blow on the nose?
  • Do you have a stuffy nose?
  • The nose you scratch there often?
  • Do you have a fever?
  • Expect a child or will you have your period? (For women)
  • What is your job?


  • When the bleeding lasts more than 20 minutes and does not yield
  • When the bleeding essentially removed through the mouth
  • When Bleeding occurs after trauma to the face
  • In Fragile patients under anticoagulant therapy
  • If you have recently had surgery of the nose or sinus surgery
  • When Bleeding are repeated way too often and closer

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